To ensure efficient, clear, communication, the National incident management System Characteristics (2023)

The National Incident Management System (NIMS) is a crucial part of the National Preparedness System of the United States, which defines common protocols and competencies for emergency management. NIMS consists of a standardised emergency management structure implemented at federal, state, tribal and local governments, NGOs and the private sector to respond to demands arising from crisis situations.. It fosters interoperability and inter-agency co-operation, providing schemes for 14 management characteristics related to: incident command, operations, communication, planning, logistics, finance and administration and intelligence and investigation. Management objectives and action planning are centralised in a single unit of command to prevent diverging orders and promote accountability to a unified command and reporting institution. In this way agencies are able to respond to emergencies in a cost-effective and co-ordinated manner, which permits the development of mutual objectives and strategies. At the same time, the ICS is flexible enough to be implemented for all kinds of incidents, large or small. To ensure effective communication, a common inter-agency terminology was developed. Moreover, information exchange is facilitated by Public Information Officers who are in permanent contact with the Incident Command Organization and the Safety Officer. The United States has developed incident command systems (ICS) in various institutions since the 1970s, in order to manage and organise emergency response. The framework was reshaped in 2005 after major crisesscrisess in the United States, in particular9/11 and hurricane Katrina, which highlighted management failures and confusion with unclear lines of authority in the emergency response phase. The greatest contributor to these unsuccessful results was the lack of standards for domestic incident response reaching all levels of government and all emergency response agencies. The 2003 Homeland Security Presidential Directive gave a clear mandate to develop and establish a revised National Incident Management System.

  • Provide a coherent means to communicate the overall incident objectives in the context of both operational and support activities

  • Provide a flexibleframework that facilitates government and private entities at all levels working together to manage domestic incidents

  • Provides a set of standardizedorganizational structures, as well as requirements for processes, procedures, and systems designed to improve interoperability

  • Establish a common set of objectives and strategies for a single Incident Action Plan



Service quality


User satisfaction

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  • The development of the NIMS has been instrumental to strengthen inter-agency cooperation across the emergency response network in the US.

  • The NIMS has significantly improved capacities to scale-up the emergency effort

Lessons Learned

  • A common and harmonised protocol for emergency response processes is essential to foster inter-agency crisis cooperation across the emergency response network

  • Developing partnerships with the private sector

1. Which General Staff member prepares Incident Action Plans, manages information, and maintains situational awareness for the incident?
A. Planning Section ChiefB. Operations Section ChiefC. Logistics Section Chief

D. Finance/Administration Section Chief

2. If the Incident Commander designates personnel to provide public information, safety, and liaison services, the personnel are collectively referred to as the:A. Director StaffB. Incident StaffC. Executive Staff

D. Command Staff

3. Which member of the Command and Staff interfaces with other agencies to meet incident-related information requirements?A. Liaison OfficerB. Safety Officer

C. Public Information Officer

D. Commander

4. The Incident Command System (ICS) is only applicable to large, complex incidents.A. TRUE


5. Which General Staff member directs all responses and tactical actions to achieve the incident objectives?A. Planning Section Chief

B. Operations Section Chief

(Video) ICS 100c final exam complete latest {updated 2022} answered 100% correct pdf

C. Tactics Section Chief

D. Operations Division Director

6. Which of the following are typical incident facilities?A. Point-of-distribution sitesB.CampsC. Incident Command Post

D. All of the Above

7. Which General Staff member negotiates and monitorscontracts, maintains documentation for reimbursement, and oversees timekeeping for incident personnel?A. Logistics Section ChiefB. Operations Section ChiefC. Planning Section Chief

D. Finance/Administration Section Chief

8. The Liaison Officer:A. “Arranges for resources and needed services to support the incident objectives.B. Tracks resources and maintains incident documentation.C. Provides information to the public.

D. Is the point of contact for other response organizations.

9. Establishment of the ICS modular organization is the responsibility of the:A. Operations SectionB. Local Authorities

C. Incident Commander

D. Logistics Section

10. When command is transferred, the process should include a(n):A. Award Ceremony

B. Briefing

C. Detailed Lesson Learned Report

D. Intelligence Report

11. The Whole Community approach refers to different organizations within the Federal Government.A. TRUE


12. Who designates the Incident Commander and the process for transferring command?A. The Section ChiefsB. The Incident Commander for previous operational period

C. The jurisdiction or organization with primary responsibility for the incident

D. The Command Staff

13. Which ICS function is responsible for documentation for mutual aid agreements?A. PlanningB. Incident CommandC. Operations

D. Finance/Administration

14. The Incident Command System (ICS) can be used to manage any type of incident, including planned events.

15. To avoid overburdening the incident command, resources should not self-dispatch (spontaneously deploy).

(Video) Chapter 39 Incident Management

16. Which NIMS Management Characteristic may include gathering, analyzing, and assessing weather service data from technical specialists?
A. Information and Intelligence ManagementB. IntegratedCommunicationsC. Incident Facilities and Locations

D. Management by Objectives

17. Who has overall responsibility for managing the on-scene incident?A. Emergency Operations Center directorB. Agency Executive

C. Incident Commander

D. Operations Section Chief

18. Manageable Span of Control refers to:A. An orderly line ofauthoritythat exists within the ranks of the incident management organization.B. The act of directing, ordering, or controlling by virtue of explicit statutory, regulatory, or delegatedauthority.C. The process of moving the responsibility for incident command from one Incident Commander to another.

D. The number of individuals or resources that one supervisor can effectively manage during an incident.

19. Qualification, Certification, and Credentialing Personnel are part of which NIMS Management Characteristic?A. Accountability

B.ComprehensiveResource Management

C. Incident Facilities and Locations

D. Information and Intelligence Management

20. Which NIMS Management Characteristic is necessary for achieving situational awareness and facilitating information sharing?A. AccountabilityB.ComprehensiveResource ManagementC. Chain of Command and Unity of Command

D. IntegratedCommunications

21. Which ICS functional area tracks resources, collects and analyzes information, and maintains documentation?
A. PlanningB. OperationsC. Logistics

D. Finance/Administration

22. To ensure efficient,clear,communication, the National Incident Management System Characteristics recommend the use of:
A. Common terminologyB. Agency-specific codesC. Technical language


23. In a Unified Command, members representing multiple jurisdictions and agencies work together to establish:A. Situational Awareness

B. Incident Objectives

C. Resource Allocations

D. Shared AgencyAuthority

24. At the incident scene, who handles media inquiries?A. Media Relations Specialist

B. Public Information Officer

(Video) Incident Command System is Used to Manage Incidents

C. Liaison Officer


25. Which ICS functional area arranges for resources and needed services to supportachievementof the incident objectives?A. PlanningB. Operations

C. Logistics

D. Finance/Administration

26. Which Section organizes, assigns, and supervises tactical response resources?A. Planning

B. Operations

C. Logistics

D. Finance/Administration

27. Which ICS functional area monitors costs related to the incident and provides accounting, procurement, time recording, and cost analysis?A. CommandB. OperationsC. Logistics

D. Finance/Administration

28. Check-in, Incident Action Planning, Personal Responsibility, and Resource Tracking are all necessary to ensure:A. Flexibility

B. Accountability

C. Sustainability

D. Redundancy

29. The Incident Command System (ICS) is:A. A relatively new approach created based on the lessons learned from the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

B. A standardized approach to incident management that is applicable for use in all hazards.

C. A military system used in domestic incidents to ensure command and control of Federal resources.

D. Most applicable to the management of complex incidents that extend over many hours or days.

30. An Incident Action Plan is captured and communicates overall operational and support activities for an incident.

32. Which position is always staffed in ICS applications?A. Public Information Officer

B. Incident Commander

C. Operations Section Chief

D. Safety Officer

33. Selection of Incident Commanders is done by the:
A. Jurisdiction or organization with primary responsibility for the incidentB. Emergency Operations managerC. Public Information Officer

D. Planning Officer

(Video) EMSO1 Module 4 Chapter 15 Managing Incidents

34. Which NIMS Management Characteristic refers to personnel requested through appropriate authorities and established resource management systems?
A. Dispatch/ DeploymentB. Incident Facilities and LocationsC. Management by Objectives

D. Manageable Span of Control

35. One of the benefits of ICS is that it provides an orderly, systematic ___________ process.A. DeploymentB. SafetyC.Recovery

D. Planning

36. Acquiring, Storing, and Inventorying Resources are part of which NIMS Management Characteristic?A. AccountabilityB. Incident Facilities and Locations

C.ComprehensiveResource Management

D. Unified Command

37. When partners representing multiple jurisdictions or agencies work together to establish the incident objectives, what type of Command is being used?A. Mutual CommandB. Area Command

C. Unified Command

D. Multiple Command

38. Command is:A. Based on the number of individuals or resources that one supervisor can manage effectively during an incident.

B. Directing, ordering, or controlling by virtue of explicit statutory, regulatory, or delegatedauthority.

C. The ability to control information exchange within and across organizations involved in an incident.

D. Assumed by the individual who is the highest-ranking person on the scene regardless of experience or training level.

39. Which General Staff member is responsible for ensuring that assigned incident personnel are fed and havecommunications, medical support, and transportation as needed to meet the operational objective?
A. Logistics Section ChiefB. Safety OfficerC. Public Information Officer

D. Planning Section Chief

40. Within the National Incident Management System Characteristics, the concept of common terminology covers all of the following EXCEPT:A. Organizational Functions

B. Technical Specifications

C. Resource Descriptions

D. Incident Facilities

41. Which ICS functional area establishes tactics and directs all operational resources to reach the incident objectives?A. Planning

B. Operations

C. Logistics

D. Finance/Administration

42. The Incident Commander or Unified Commander establishes incident objectives that include:
A. Identifying strategies, tactics, tasks, and activities to achieve the objectives.B. Selecting personnel to serve on the Incident Management Team.C. Delegating functional responsibilities and specifying resource types.

(Video) 2022 MCI NIMS / ICS Structure

D. Establishing a manageable span of control.

Find answers to the next exam here: FEMA IS-100.FDA: Introduction to Incident Command System (ICS 100) for Food and Drug Administration Answers


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